What Are Minerals In Food

  what are minerals in food

Did you know what are minerals in food? Minerals are essential nutrients that help to function your body properly. Calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus etc. are important minerals found in food.

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what are minerals in food

Types of minerals in food

There are mainly two types of Minerals we get from the food. macrominerals and microminerals (trace).

Macrominerals are Calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulphur.

Micro(trace) minerals are chromium, cobalt, copper, iodine fluorine, iron manganese, zinc, molybdenum and Selenium these are required in a small amount to the body that's why they are called microminerals.

Source and benefits of minerals in food

Not all the minerals found in every single food. Every food contains different minerals in different quantity.

Calcium - 

Calcium is a vital nutrient for strong and healthy bones and teeth. For proper muscles activity and also play important role in blood clotting. So must include calcium in your food. Calcium is mostly found in a dairy product like milk, cheese, butter, yoghurt, dark green leafy vegetables etc.

Magnesium and phosphorus - 

Magnesium is required for proper growth and maintenance of bones health. It also needs for proper functioning of the nervous system. Magnesium is rich in green leafy vegetables, spinach, beans, avocado and banana etc. Phosphorus found in meat, poultry, nuts, beans and dairy product etc.

Iron - 

Iron is the main component of blood. which helps to carry oxygen from the lungs all body part. It's deficiency cause anaemia. Iron-rich food is meat, eggs, carrot, apple, green leafy vegetables, cereals, Spinach, dried fruits etc.

Sulfur and zinc - 

These minerals help to make strong immunity, play important role in hair nourishment, it gives strength and elasticity to the skin, reduce inflammation in joints, also play important role in metabolism. sulfur and zinc-containing food is onion, garlic, seafood, eggs, meat, dairy product, walnuts, beans etc.


Selenium is an important mineral it helps in reproduction. It also helps to fight infection from various diseases. It is found in pasta, whole wheat bread, chicken, eggs, brown rice, nuts, milk etc


copper is an important mineral which requires bone and tissue formation. It also eliminates the free radicles from the body. Copper helps absorption of iron and helps to cure anaemia. Copper is found in an oyster shell, organ liver, mushroom, green leafy vegetables, dark chocolate and nuts.

Iodine -

Iodine is very important in our food. Iodine is required for the proper functioning of thyroid gland. Iodine deficiency causes goitre, hypothyroidism, fatigue, weight gain, high cholesterol, depression. Mostly We take iodine from iodised salt, banana, yogurt, potato, Strawberries, Cranberries, white bread and pineapple is also contained iodine.

So these are some examples of minerals and its source and benefits Now you can easily understand what are minerals in food and its health importance.

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